What is tennis elbow (Lateral epicondylitis)?
Tennis elbow is the degeneration of the extensor muscles at the lateral epicondyle, mainly extensor carpi radialis brevis (Frontera, Silver and Rizzo, 2014). This is due to a small number of tendon injuries which do not heal fully.
An individual may present with pain at the outside of the elbow (lateral epicondyle), radiating to the wrist and shoulder. They may have stiffness and weakness in the elbow due to the tendon arrangement (NICE Guidelines 2009).
Those who are most at risk are people who take part in racket sports with 40 percent suffering, as they extend their elbow repeatedly, this may lead to microtrauma and lack of healing. Those who do repetitive hand tasks such as using a computer keyboard and occupations such as painters, plumbers and factory workers are 30 percent likely to suffer (Bisset et al, 2016) (Flatt, 2008).
Rest from activity causing pain
Exercises to stretch and strengthen the tendons