Low Back Pain
Updated: Aug 24, 2020
Low back pain is very common within the UK population, even among children.
The lower back is made up of five lumbar vertebrae. These are responsible for weight bearing and transferring force from the lower body to the upper body and vice versa.
Dull ache, pain in buttocks and legs, pain better when moving
Congenital- skeletal irregularities and spina bifida
Injuries- traumatic injury (eg. car crash), muscle strains, ligament sprains and muscle spasms
Degenerative- arthritis, disc degeneration and spondylosis
Nerve problems- spinal nerve compression/trapped nerve, ruptured disc and others
Weak back muscles
Stress and anxiety
Poor manual handling technique
Weak abdominal muscles
(Koes et al, 2006)
Manual therapy- spinal manipulations and massage
Keep moving, NO bed rest
Exercise sessions- improvement of core stability, strengthening back muscles, improving range of movement
Exercise therapy and education has been found to reduce the impact of low back pain in the future (de Campos et al, 2020).